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DOH'S "BELLY GUD FOR HEALTH PROGRAM" AS A STRATEGY TO IMPROVE THE BODY MASS INDEX, WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE AND BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES OF MAHAYAG, ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR
Author: MAY KRIS T. COROS
Date: April 2016

To address central obesity as a risk factor associated with the development of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, stroke and diabetes mellitus which are major health concerns in the municipality of Mahayag, the researcher adopted the Department of Health’s Lifestyle Modification Program entitled “Belly Gud for Health”. The general objective of this study was to determine the effect of the program in improving the body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure among the respondents. This was a pre and post-intervention study participated by regular municipal employees of Mahayag, Zamboanga del Sur. They were selected through convenience sampling and those who belonged to the overweight and obese categories of the Asian Classification of Body Mass Index were identified. This 6-month strategy was divided into 3 phases. The pre-intervention phase (1 month) includes the initial measurements of weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure. The intervention phase (4 months) was comprised of many activities: a regular 30-minute hataw exercise every Tuesdays and Fridays, a monthly seminar on nutrition and physical activity given by a nutritionist-dietician designed to reinforce the regular exercise, and the health summit which was conducted last November 2015 where the respondents actively participated during the sports activities. The vital measurements were taken monthly to monitor the improvement of the respondents. During the post intervention phase (1 month) a final measurement was done followed by the awarding of winners with the most improved waist circumference and body mass index declared as winners. The researcher utilized the pairwise correlation with Bonferroni adjustment for the repeated measures in analyzing the mean results of the BMI, waist circumference and blood vii pressure. Out of the 60 potential respondents, 57 were qualified. The majority (22) of the respondents were aged 45-54 years old (39%). Eleven (19.30%) employees were categorized as overweight, 32 employees (56.14%) had a baseline BMI categorized as obese 1 and lastly, 14 (24.56%) employees were under obese 2 category. Out of the 24 male respondents, 6 (25%) have normal waist circumference of less than 90 cm while 18 (75%) have waist circumference above normal (more than 90 cm). Of the 34 female respondents, 2 (6%) have normal waist circumference of below 80 cm while 31 (94%) have above normal waist circumference of more than 90 cm. Seventeen (17%) of the employees have normal blood pressure while 24 (40%) were categorized under Pre-hypertensive stage. Sixteen (26.7%) belong to the Stage 1 Hypertension Category while 3 of them were categorized as Stage 2 hypertensive. The intervention improved the respondent’s average body mass index from 27.6 to 26.6 (p<0.000). The intervention also improved their mean waist circumference from 91.8 to 86.8 (p<0.000). Moreover only the systolic blood pressure improved from 123 to 113.5 (p<0.001). At the end of the study, 7 (12.3%) participants achieved normal BMI while 19 (33.3%) achieved normal waist circumference. The Belly Gud for Health Program has significantly improved the body mass index, waist circumference and systolic blood pressure of the municipal employees of Mahayag, Zamboanga del Sur.

Keyword: central obesity non-communicable disease lifestyle modification program hataw exercise Mahayag zamboanga del sur

Research Catalogue by Genner R Cerna
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