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THE IMPACT OF LAUGHTER THERAPY ON DEPRESSION, COGNITIVE FUNCTION, AND QUALITY OF SLEEP AMONG THE ELDERLY AGED 60 YEARS OLD AND ABOVE IN BARANGAY UPPER SALUG DAKU, MUNICIPALITY OF MAHAYAG, ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR
Author: ANGELIE ROSE M. BARJOSE
Date: April 2016

The aim of this study is to determine the effects of laughter therapy on depression, cognitive function and quality of sleep among the elderly aged 60 years old and above in Barangay Upper Salug Daku, Mahayag, Zamboanga del Sur. This study utilized a non-randomized open label experimental research design.There were 60 subjects aged 60 years old and over in the total study sample. They were divided into two groups with the experimental group comprising of 35 subjects and the control group having 25 subjects. The experimental group underwent a 30-minute laughter therapy once a week for four weeks. The control group did not receive any intervention. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment – Philippine Version (MoCA-P), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)mean scores were compared between and within the two groups before and after the conduct of laughter therapy. Pre- and post- interventional GDS, MoCA-P and PSQI mean scores revealed depression, cognitive function decline and poor sleep quality for both groups.The number of subjects in the experimental group who were depressed in the pre-intervention decreased from 29 (83.0%) to 22 (63%) and the number of subjects who had poor sleep quality decreased from 21 (60.0%) to 15 (43.0%). For the control group, the frequency of depressed individuals increased from 21 (84.0%) to 24 (96.0%) and those who had poor sleep quality increased from 15 (60.0%) to 17 (68.0%).There was no decrease in the number of respondents who had cognitive function decline in both of the groups. The results were somehow limited to be proven effective. Therefore, it is highly recommended that more related studies shall be done in the future.

Keyword: laughter therapy cognitive function experimental research design Mahayag Upper Salug Daku zamboanga del sur

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